Emergency contraceptive pill as the name suggests is used during emergency situations. It is taken to prevent pregnancy after an unprotected sex. The general mode of work of emergency contraceptive is to delay ovulation. Delay in ovulation means delay in the release of egg from the female reproductive system. For most emergency contraceptives, the moment ovulation occurs, it cannot be effective anymore. Although delaying of ovulation is the general mode of operation, there are few which can still after ovulation by preventing the sperms from moving to the eggs. In this article, I will review all the various brands of emergency contraceptives on the Ghanaian market about how each works, how each is  taken, their effect on menstruation and their current prices.

  1. Lydia Post pill
  2. Postinor-2
  3. Levorn-2
  4. Contra 72

LYDIA POST PILL

Lydia Contraceptive Pill is one of the popular emergency contraceptives in Ghana. This emergency pill (e-Pill) or the morning after pill is commonly used by women as a precautionary method against unwanted pregnancies in the possible event of unprotected sex. The Lydia post pill is not used as a daily contraceptive pill and should be used once in a while as it might pose a challenge if used regularly. This post highlights everything you need to know about the pill. The Lydia post pill contains two (2) pills in a single pack.

How does Lydia post pill works

Lydia post pill can work by stopping/ delaying ovulation. That means, it stops the eggs from being released from your ovary. For Lydia post pill, the moment ovulation occurs, it cannot be effective anymore.

How to use Lydia post pill

The best-prescribed methods or common ways of taking Lydia post pill include;

  1. Taking the two tablets at the same time or alternatively taking one tablet as soon as possible preferably within 24 hours then taking the second tablet after 12 hours.
  2. One should also note that you need to take the pills within five days that is (120 hours). The effectiveness of this second method is not fully guaranteed past the usual 24-hour time limit. Physicians will prefer it if it is taken within the recommended hours.

Side effect on Menstruation

This pill can also bring a change in your menstrual flow; whereby, the flow can be heavy or much lighter than they were before and sometimes causes spotting too while causing a delay in your menses as well.

Current average price

The price of Lydia post pill ranges from GHS 9.00-10.00

POSTINOR 2

Postinor-2 (white pack) is an emergency contraceptive which is also available in the Ghanaian market. It is readily available in almost all pharmacy shops across the country. Postinor-2 is usually taken after having unprotected sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy. The name postinor-2 is used because it contains 2 tablets. This post highlights everything you need to know about the pill.

How does Postinor-2 works

Postinor-2 can work by stopping/ delaying ovulation. That means, it can stop the eggs from being released from your ovary. For Postinor-2, the moment ovulation occurs, it cannot be effective anymore.

How to use Postinor-2

Postinor-2 contains 2 tablets which are taken as follows;

  1. Note that all the 2 tablets of postinor-2 are not taken together.
  2. The first (1st) tablet should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex.
  3. The second (2nd) tablet should be taken 12hours after the first tablet have been taken. Don’t take it later than 16 hours
  4. One should also note that you need to take the pills within 3 days that is (72 hours). The effectiveness of this second method is not fully guaranteed past the usual 24-hour time limit. Physicians will prefer it if it is taken within the recommended hours

Side effect on menstruation

This pill can also bring a change in your menstrual flow; whereby, the flow can be heavy or much lighter than they were before and sometimes causes spotting too while causing a delay in your menses as well. Your next menses may come 1 week earlier or 1 week late after taking postinor-2

Current average price

There are 2 different package of postinor-2 available in the market, white pack and green pack. The white pack is the old package and with the green as the new pack. The prices are as follows;

Old pack (white) – averagely GHS4.00

New Pack (green) – averagely GHS 30.00

LEVON 2

Levon-2 is also a brand of emergency contraceptive on the Ghanaian market. It is currently packaged in a red label box. Levon-2 is usually taken after having unprotected sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy. Levon-2 contains 2 small tablets. This post highlights everything you need to know about the pill.

How does Levon 2 works

Levon-2 can work by stopping/ delaying ovulation. That means, it may stop the eggs from being released from your ovary. Levon-2, the moment ovulation occurs, it cannot be effective anymore.

How to use Levon 2

Levon-2 contains 2 tablets which are taken as follows;

  1. Note that all the 2 tablets of levon-2 are not taken together.
  2. The first (1st) tablet should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex.
  3. The second (2nd) tablet should be taken 12hours after the first tablet have been taken.
  4. One should also note that you need to take the pills within 3 days that is (72 hours).

Side effect on menstruation

This pill can also bring a change in your menstrual flow; whereby, the flow can be heavy or much lighter than they were before and sometimes causes spotting too while causing a delay in your menses as well.

Current average price

The average price of Levon-2 is GHS5.00

CONTRA 72

Levon-2 is also a brand of emergency contraceptive on the Ghanaian market. It provides safe and easy way to prevent an unintended pregnancy after unprotected sex or contraceptive failure. There are 2 pills inside a pack of contra 72

How does Contra 72 works

Contra 72 can work in any of two different ways depending on where you may be in your menstrual cycle.

  1. It may stop an egg being released from the ovary (delay ovulation)
  2. If an egg has already been released, it may prevent the sperm from fertilizing.

How to use Contra 72

Contra 72 contains 2 tablets which are taken as follows;

  1. Note that all the 2 tablets of contra 72 are not taken together.
  2. The first (1st) tablet should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex.
  3. The second (2nd) tablet should be taken 12hours after the first tablet have been taken.
  4. One should also note that you need to take the pills within 3 days that is (72 hours).

Side effect on menstruation

This pill can also bring a change in your menstrual flow; whereby, the flow can be heavy or much lighter than they were before and sometimes causes spotting too while causing a delay in your menses as well.

Current average price

The average price of contra-72 is GHS10.00

TIPS YOU DON’T HAVE TO FORGET ABOUT EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIVES IN GHANAIAN MARKET

  1. The use of emergency contraceptive does not protect against sexually transmitted infection
  2. Emergency contraceptives will not always prevent pregnancy. If you become pregnant after taking emergency contraceptive there is a possibility that the pregnancy will be ectopic
  3. You may be at risk of getting pregnant if you have sex again after taking the emergency contraceptive since there is a high chance of active sperms lingering in the fallopian tube just waiting for any released egg. If you have another unprotected sex after taking emergency contraceptive, you need to take another one or use condom or else pregnancy can occur.
  4. If you vomit 3 hours after taking emergency contraceptive, take another dose.

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This blog pro­vides infor­ma­tion about vaginal health and related sub­jects. The blog content and any linked materials herein are not intended to be, and should not be con­strued as a substitute for, med­ical or healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment. Any reader or per­son with a med­ical con­cern should con­sult a healthcare provider. This blog is provided purely for informational purposes.

The article was written by Godfrey Yeboah Amoah and published at vagicarekonsult.com

Godfrey Yeboah Amoah is a reproductive health and rights activist and the founder of Vagicare Konsult. A medical Laboratory scientist by profession and specialty in population and health, Godfrey combines his professional knowledge, experience and specialty to educate females on quality reproductive health practices.
Godfrey Yeboah Amoah is a reproductive health and rights activist and the founder of Vagicare Konsult. A medical Laboratory scientist by profession and specialty in population and health, Godfrey combines his professional knowledge, experience and specialty to educate females on quality reproductive health practices.