Girls who are about to enter puberty experience process of body changes that allows them to be capable of reproduction. This is a normal process every woman will go through naturally. Menstruation is part of this process. Menstruation also called period is simply defined as the process where a woman discharges blood through the vagina into the outside world. This blood is made of the of the lining of the womb and other materials from the womb. Menstruation is pronounced as (men-STRAY-shuhn). Hormones in the female body cause the walls of the womb to come out in the form of blood if no baby is forming that month. So immediately you become pregnant, menstruation stops. The average age for a girl to have her first period is 12 but it can range between 8 to 15 years. Women can have periods until the age between 45 to 55. This age is usually called menopause, a period where women stop menstruating

Though menstruation affects every woman, it isn’t the same for every woman. Everyone is unique in her own way hence menstruation can’t be the same for all. Regardless of this uniqueness there is an average picture for menstruation in all woman which is considered normal. Much deviation from this consider yours to be abnormal. The menstrual cycle of a female is counted from the first day blood comes out of your vagina to the first day of the next blood flow. The average menstrual period is 28 days. A menstrual cycle can range from 21 to 35 days. When the blood start discharging from the vagina in your period, it can last for 3-5 days before stopping.

Your menstrual cycle might have the same length every month, say 28 days but It doesn’t mean that when it changes to 29 or 30 it is considered abnormal. It is when the change is wide (28 to 35) and the same for several months. Within a broad perspective, a person may start with a light flow or heavy flow, painful or pain free, long or short and still be considered normal. The most important condition is when your period flows regularly. we say a period is considered clinically irregular/abnormal when the majority of cycles in the previous six months are out of range (changes in cycle days, having severe pain than previous six months, having shorter or long bleeding days for the last six months etc.)

During menstruation, the release of hormones and other chemicals bring forth some body changes that are seen almost in every month. Besides the bleeding, the other signs and symptoms that accompanies menstruation are headache, bloating, abdominal pains, tiredness, breast soreness, food cravings, mood changes, diarrhoea and mood changes.

This blog provides information about vaginal health and related subjects. The blog content and any linked materials herein are not intended to be, and should not be con­strued as a substitute for, med­ical or healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment. Any reader or per­son with a med­ical con­cern should con­sult a healthcare provider. This blog is provided purely for informational purposes.

The article was written by Godfrey Yeboah Amoah and published at vagicarekonsult.com. Translation and voice note were done by Mrs. Nancy Boateng

Godfrey Yeboah Amoah
Godfrey Yeboah Amoah

Godfrey Yeboah Amoah is a reproductive health and rights activist and the founder of Vagicare Konsult. A medical Laboratory scientist by profession and specialty in population and health, Godfrey combines his professional knowledge, experience and specialty to educate females on quality reproductive health practices

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